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Radicalisation and Extremism

Please read this page in conjunction with the relevant procedure:

http://www.wirralsafeguarding.co.uk/procedures/6-31-safeguarding-children-young-people-radicalisation-violent-extremism/

Supporting the prevent agenda against radicalisation and extremism has been set as a priority area for the WSCB and the board is represented on the Wirral Channel Panel. The purpose of the Channel Panel is to review cases referred in to ensure children and young people are protected from being radicalized. The panel will enable partners to work together to safeguard children and to identify support agencies,  patterns and trends of activity, and to test and measure the effectiveness of the partnership response to extremism and radicalization..

 

Prevent

Prevent is part of the UK counter-terrorism strategy, CONTEST. Its aim is to stop people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism. Prevent will address all forms of terrorism but continue to prioritise according to the threat they pose to our national security. At present, the majority of our resources and efforts will continue to be devoted to stopping people becoming terrorists or supporting terrorism. There is a commitment to protecting freedom of speech in this country. But preventing terrorism will mean challenging extremist (and non-violent) ideas that are also part of a terrorist ideology. Prevent will also mean intervening to stop people moving from extremist groups or from extremism into terrorist-related activity.

The Prevent strategy will specifically:

  • respond to the ideological challenge of terrorism and the threat we face from those
    who promote it;
  • prevent people from being drawn into terrorism and ensure that they are given
    appropriate advice and support; and
  • work with sectors and institutions where there are risks of radicalisation which need
    to be addressed.

The link below will take you to the government’s full Prevent Strategy 2011 document, where each of the three elements of the strategy are provided in more detail

https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/97976/prevent-strategy-review.pdf

The link below is the Local Strategy for Wirral

Wirral Safeguarding And The Prevent Strategy

 

The following two links provide access to the Prevent Duty Guidance and the Channel Duty Guidance which came into effect as of 1st July 2015:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/prevent-duty-guidance

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/channel-guidance

Prevent and Schools

Following an informal consultation process with headteachers and local authority children’s services in early 2008, the Department published a toolkit to help schools prevent what was described as ‘violent extremism’. Following requests for more practical advice, DfE developed a ‘workbook’, based on the Ofsted self-evaluation framework, which linked Prevent in to other school safety and improvement policies. In 2009, ACPO produced guidance entitled ‘Prevent, Police and Schools’ to help police officers work more effectively with teachers and school staff. ACPO have also developed an initiative called ‘Act Now’ which helps stimulate debate on violent extremism.

Several guidance documents are provided below for schools including details of their reporting duty, a self-assessment tool and a template for incorporating radicalisation and extremism into their safeguarding policies:

Schools Prevent Duty DfE Advice
Prevent Self-Assessment for Schools Mar 2015
DfE Briefing Note – How social media is used to radicalise young people

Hammersmith and Fulham Council have developed a series of resources for schools for schools including lesson plans about Prevent. The resources can be downloaded from their website:

https://www.lbhf.gov.uk/children-and-young-people/schools-and-colleges/school-staff-zone/prevent-and-schools/prevent-and-schools-resources-and-lesson-plans

Channel

Channel is a national project that has been put in place to safeguard individuals who may be vulnerable to recruitment by violent extremists.

The majority of referrals to the Channel programme have been under 25, with most aged between 15 and 19. Very few have been younger.

The aim of the process is:

  • To support and protect people who might be susceptible to radicalisation at a very early stage so that they are not drawn into criminal activity which may affect their prospects in later life.
  • To ensure that individuals and communities have the resilience to resist all forms of violent extremism whether that be from an international threat, extreme right wing/left wing or domestically related for example environmental extremism.
  • Channel is not about prosecuting or stigmatising individuals who have been referred.

What can put people at risk?

There is no single profile of a terrorist or violent extremist. Factors which may make people more vulnerable include:

  • Substance and alcohol misuse
  • Peer pressure
  • Influence from older people or via the Internet
  • Bullying
  • Crime and anti-social behaviour
  • Domestic violence
  • Family tensions
  • Race/hate crime
  • Lack of self-esteem or identity
  • Grievances (personal or political)
  • Migration

How does it work?

Channel assesses the nature and extent of the potential risk to an individual and, where necessary, provides an appropriate support package tailored to their needs. This decision is made by a multi-agency panel and may include diversionary activities and/or support from services such as education, housing, employment and mentoring designed to help them resist those who may be seeking to harm them or others.

Local community issues and tensions can sometimes contribute to an individual’s behaviour. The context of a situation is always taken into account.

Police Advice

Merseyside Police have a dedicated Prevent team who can be contacted for advice:

Telephone: 0151 777 8311  or email [email protected]

Referral

To make a referral into the Wirral Channel panel professionals should use the Channel Panel Referral and Assessment form which can be accessed here:

Channel Panel Referral and Assessment Form

Please note that referral into the Channel Panel does not replace usual safeguarding reporting procedures which must always be used if you believe a child, young person or adult is at risk of harm, abuse or neglect.

E Learning

Two e-learning courses are available:

1. Pathways to Extremism (offered as part of the WSCB e-learning package. To register click here.

An overview of the programme is below:

Overview – Understanding Pathways to Extremism and the Prevent Programme

The Home Office has approved this course to be included in the Home Office official catalogue of recommended products for Prevent Duty training.

Prevent and radicalisation awareness training is a way to ensure staff are able to identify children at risk of being drawn in to terrorism, as required by the Counter Terrorism & Security Act 2015 and the Prevent Duty Statutory Guidance.

This course is aimed at all professionals who work in sectors where they come into contact with people who may be vulnerable to radicalisation, whether they are adults, children or young people.

The aim of the course is to give you an awareness of the radicalisation process so you can feel confident about being proactive in taking a multi-agency approach to early intervention and support.

After completing this course you should:

  • Understand what extremism and radicalisation are and why it is important to discuss and address these
  • Know the main elements of the Prevent strand of the government’s CONTEST strategy
  • Better understand what makes people vulnerable to radicalisation
  • Know your responsibilities and recognise indicators that radicalisation might be taking place

2. NCALT training package

This package gives a flavour of channel case studies. It is multiple choice and takes 25 minutes to complete. It also allows management to assess who has completed the package.